Rukhnama: Reflections on the Spiritual Values of the Turkmen Saparmurat Niyazov

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Hardcover

400 pages


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Rukhnama: Reflections on the Spiritual Values of the Turkmen  by  Saparmurat Niyazov

Rukhnama: Reflections on the Spiritual Values of the Turkmen by Saparmurat Niyazov
| Hardcover | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, talking book, mp3, ZIP | 400 pages | ISBN: | 10.72 Mb

Ruhnama -- The Book of the Soul, from Arabic روح rūḥ (soul) and Persian نامه nāmeh (book) -- is a book written by Saparmurat Niyazov, late president-for-life/dictator of Turkmenistan, combining spiritual/moral guidance, autobiography, andMoreRuhnama -- The Book of the Soul, from Arabic روح rūḥ (soul) and Persian نامه nāmeh (book) -- is a book written by Saparmurat Niyazov, late president-for-life/dictator of Turkmenistan, combining spiritual/moral guidance, autobiography, and (revisionist) history, much of it of dubious or disputed factuality and accuracy.

The text includes many stories and poems, including those by Sufi poet Magtymguly Pyragy. It was intended as the spiritual guidance of the nation and the basis of the nations arts and literature. The Ruhnama was introduced to Turkmen culture in a gradual but eventually pervasive way.

Niyazov first placed copies in the nations schools and libraries but eventually went as far as to make an exam on its teachings an element of the driving test.In March 2006 Niyazov was recorded as saying that he had interceded with Allah to ensure that any student who read the book three times would automatically get into paradise.[source: Wikipedia]



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